Once Again about the Origin of the Universe  


   It is clear that the most popular of the cosmological theories, the Big Bang theory is not very helpful in explaining the origin of the Universe. It is not understood where a huge energy of the Big Bang came from. Pope himself praised this theory having said that it is in agreement with the religion dogma: First there was nothing, and then God arranged this 'Bang'. However for science God, as an unknowable object, is 'persona non grata'. If one would assume the existence of God, the question immediately will arise: What is God himself? Where has God come from? In contrast, right after the explosion, starting from the first milliseconds it is more or less understood how the Universe developed. There is nothing supernatural in it, namely, entropy increases but because of an enormous amount of energy released in the explosion, the system deviates from equilibrium and develops non-linearly, giving the rise to self-organized sub-systems, from atoms and galaxies to living organisms including those with intelligence.


The beginning itself can only be explained as follows: Infinitely, there exist the Universe and the Antiuniverse. It is not a 'static' state. They are periodically appear and disappear in the moments corresponding to the Big Bang and/or Big Crunch. The alike process is well known in quantum mechanics: In a so-called empty space couples of virtual particles and antiparticles constantly appear and disappear again. A definite amount of energy is released in the moment of annihilation. Since energy cannot appear out of nothing, one of the partners will have positive energy while the other will have negative energy.


The same apparently is the case with the system 'Universe-Antiuniverse'. The attraction forces between these two worlds cause gravitation which brings together all objects, bends time and space unavoidably leading to the Big Crunch, the end of a current cycle. And annihilation again results in a release of a huge amount of energy, and development of the Universe begins a new cycle, and so on 'ad infinito'. Thus out of the three models which Friedmann considered to be equally probable, the first model, the closed Universe, is correct. The Big Crunch, however, is not an end of all, but just a new start. Let us go back to quantum mechanics.


There exist a specific relationship between matter/antimatter, the symmetry of space coordinates and the two directions of time. If one substitutes particles with antiparticles, the space coordinates with their mirror images and the direction of time changes to the opposite one, from the future to the past, the lows of physics will not change. The same relationship apparently is true for the couple 'Universe - Antiuniverse'. The Antiuniverse consisting of antimatter and possessing a negative energy is a mirror image of our Universe and moves back in time. The total sum of matter and energy in a couple 'Universe - Antiuniverse', likewise in a couple 'particle - antiparticle' does not change, in agreement with the first low of thermodynamics (it is equal zero).


As regards the second low of thermodynamics, it is naturally valid for the Universe where irreversible processes with increased entropy occur, which is usual for the positive direction of time. In contrast, in the Antiuniverse, where time 'changes sign' and moves from the future towards the past, entropy being the function of time, gradually decreases. As a result the ideal symmetry and stability of all parameters for the couple 'Universe - Antiuniverse is maintained at any moment of time. Thus, time stops in the moment of the Big Bang/Big Crunch and changes its direction in the Antiuniverse.


In other words, time as well as the space coordinates, has two directions, on both sides from zero. Space in the Antiuniverse has also a negative sign. It does not bend as the surface of a ball (convex). It bends as the surface of a saddle (concave), a mirror image of the Universe configuration. Exactly the same cancave bending of space is according to a number of authors necessary for travelling back in time. However, it is well known that only objects moving at a higher speed than the spread of light, could 'reach the past', i.e. could 'overtake themselves'. 'There was a young lady of Wight who travelled much faster than light and arrived on the previous night'.


For material objects it is impossible to move with a higher speed than the speed light, thus it is a 'privilege' of virtual objects in the Antiuniverse. We only can see those celestial bodies which either give out or reflect light. An object moving faster then light cannot be reached by light, cannot reflect light and therefor cannot be seen by an observer. But this does not mean that such an object does not exist. In the first moment after the Big Bang the continuous formation and destruction of couples of particles and antiparticles took place. Later, when temperature lowered structuring of the Universe began, and the material particles were combined in more and more complex entities. In exactly the same way, the formation of antimatter, the Antiuniverse, from antiparticles took place. Such a process prevented an instantaneous annihilation of particles and antiparticles delaying it for billions of years, until the next Big Bang/Big Crunch.


Recognition of the existence of the Antiuniverse allows explanation of many things which cannot be explained otherwise. But this is for another article. It can only be added her that the particle/wave duality which is seen in a so-called double-slit experiment, occurs because a particle moving at a speed close to the speed of light, 'catches up with itself', i.e. doubles itself finding itself in two places at the same time. And one more remark: As the Antiuniverse possesses a negative energy, the decreasing entropy has also a negative sign, and it is called 'negentropy' or 'information' according to C. Shennon. Do these fields of information constitute a 'Cosmos intelligence'? Does it mean immortality of a sole? Who Knows? I only can repeat Spinosa's words: 'God is Nature'. There is no reason to search for something outside it.